Himu\’s Attempt at Blogging

Tidbits from my thoughts

Struts load-on-startup and Module ‘null’ not found

with 10 comments

I do business logic programming and didn’t ever try to learn UI-related stuff seriously. Recently I decided to learn Struts (used in my company) thoroughly and started with 1.3.8 with Struts In Action as a guide. A logon application was done with necessary adaptations from 1.0 to 1.3.8. I assembled the full application without going through the book in detail. But to my surprise I got the following error when I entered my application URL in the browser:

HTTP Status 500 –

type Exception reportmessage description The server encountered an internal error () that prevented it from fulfilling this request. exception

org.apache.jasper.JasperException: Module 'null' not found.

root cause

java.lang.NullPointerException: Module 'null' not found.

I didn’t have a clue. After lots of experimentation, I finally decided to look into the struts-blank application. The first thing I did was open the web.xml file and voila! I missed the <load-on-startup> element in the <servlet> definition of the Struts ActionServlet. As a result, Struts was not being initialized properly and I got that weird error.


Written by mhimu

August 16, 2007 at 3:45 pm

Posted in struts

10 Responses

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    March 2, 2008 at 8:25 am

  2. I also got the same error by missing some dependencies. For example, in a Struts 1.3.9 w/ Tiles application, I had to have all of these jars in my WEB-INF/lib folder:

    * commons-beanutils
    * commons-chain
    * commons-digester
    * commons-io
    * struts-core
    * struts-taglib
    * struts-tiles


    July 22, 2008 at 3:08 am

  3. The server failed to fulfill an apparently valid request.

    Response status codes beginning with the digit “5” indicate cases in which the server is aware that it has erred or is incapable of performing the request. Except when responding to a HEAD request, the server should include an entity containing an explanation of the error situation, and whether it is a temporary or permanent condition. User agents should display any included entity to the user. These response codes are applicable to any request method.

    bilstein struts

    August 12, 2008 at 3:30 am

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  5. Hi ,
    I am having the same problem of Module ‘null’ not found.
    but i already have as 2 there in my web-config.
    Can you suggest what are other possible solutions


    June 16, 2009 at 7:16 pm

  6. I too got the same exception. The reason was that I did not close the tag properly in struts-config tag. Close the tag and most probably you will not get the exception.

    Note: This is one such solution. There are other reasons too for the exception…


    September 29, 2009 at 11:50 pm

    • forward tag….. i was talking about.. gosh dont know why the the blog does not support “<" ???


      September 29, 2009 at 11:51 pm

  7. This error can be also due to version mismatch , i got the same error , later i realized i was compling the java code in higher version(1.6) and trying to run in tomcat with jre 1.5 , i found this by enabling strurs logs , for that we need to move commons-logging.jar ,log4j.jar in lib directory and configure the log4j.properties

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